Dubrovnik, the most southern Croatian city, is a tourist, cultural, administrative, economic and educational center of Dubrovačko-neretvanska county.
Located at 42º88″ North latitude (somewhat “above” Rima) and 18º7″ East Longitude (approximately as Stockholm).
Dubrovnik is protected by hills Zarkovica (321 m.) and Srđ (419 m.),
Dubrovnik is surrounded, from the seaside, by a group of islands known as Elaphiti Islands (Šipan, Lopud, Koločep, Tajan, Olipa, Jakljan and Daksa).
Dubrovnik and it’s surroundings have markedly Mediterranean climate. Insolation is average 2600 hours yearly. Sun shines 7 hours a day on the average, and cloudy days are very rare.
Average yearly temperature is 17°C , while average winter temperature is 10°C and average summer temperature is around 26°C.
Average summer sea temperature is 21°C. Bathing season on open areas starts as early as April, sometimes even sooner and lasts all the way up to the end of October ora even later.
Flora and fauna
In this mild climate mediterranean vegetation flourishes as well as many types of aromatic herbs like lavender, myrtle, rosemary, sage and others. Grape vines, olives, figs, oranges, kiwis and lemons are grown on plantations in the area. In Dubrovnik is a tradition to take great care in gardening and cultivating plants from all over the wolrd.
World cultural heritage
Dubrovnik was, as zero category monument, in 1979. include in UNESCO’s” World heritage list”. Dubrovnik is city of harmony of vegetation, stone and the sea, painted singed and described by pen of many great artists that could not stay indifferent to this perfection created by centuries long joint work of people and nature.
All this were a good prerequisites for development of modern tourism which started as early as late 19th century. The oldest hotel “Imperijal” was built in 1898, and after that “Hotel Odak” was in operation in 1914., and before WWII Dubrovnik already had 34 hotels and boarding houses.
Cavtat is the largest and the only urban centre in Konavle that has been built up deliberately. It is located on the peninsula of Rat, which surrounds the well protected and accessible bay together with the peninsula of Sustjepan. In its harmonious architecture, the centuries-old natural, spiritual and material affiliation to the Dubrovnik Republic can be observed.
Cavtat, the antique Epidaurus, was an important Roman colony in this region, which expires after the breakthrough of the Slavs and the Avarians into this area after the decline of the Western Roman Empire, and their inhabitants flee to the neighbouring settlement Laus-Rave-Ragus, wherefrom Dubrovnik arose. In historical sources, Cavtat is also mentioned with the name Ragusa Vecchia, what clearly testifies to the connection of these two cities. In the times of the Dubrovnik Republic, Cavtat was the second most important seaport, place of trade and of administration in the Republic after Dubrovnik.
Places like Cavtat offering so much to the visitors are quite rare. Its scenery, the rich cultural and historical heritage along with the range of services offered to tourists meet the demands of the present day tourists, thus making it one of the most attractive destinations on the Adriatic coast.
Cavtat is located between the magic city of Dubrovnik on one side and beautiful Konavle on the other. There one can still feel the spirit of the past time and experience the centuries old tradition of our ancestors. It is an ideal holiday resort.
Each visitor can discover his own wishes, enjoy the hidden coves at peace, long walks at the seaside or spend active holidays going in for recreational sports and entertaining cultural programmes.
Legend on the genesis of the name of Cavtat
The legend about the development of the name Cavtat is interesting, because it says that two suitors had asked the beautiful Cavtislava’s hand in marriage, the daughter of the Epidaurian ruler, so that the father decided to give her to that suitor, who would perform the bigger task.
One of the admirers, the commander Stjepan, should bring aquaviva from the source Vodovađa in Konavle, and the other one, a brave knight and seafarer, should bring a ship full of silk from the wide world. On the day of the festivities of the opening of the Epidaurian viaduct, the beautiful Cavtislava should first satisfy her thirst with water from a golden jar, but before, a big lizard jumped out of the water directly onto the girl’s lap.
Cavtislava’s heart failed for fear and she immediately dropped dead. According to tales in the common tongue, the unfortunate seafarer, whose ship was sunk by a huge storm directly in front of Epidaurus, and who therefore was not able to fulfil his task, put the lizard into the viaduct since he could not bear the loss of the girl.
In memory of the beautiful Cavtislava, at this place arose Cavtat, after an earthquake had destroyed the town.
Another legend says that Cavtat derives from the Old-Croatian verb ‘captiti’ – ‘to blossom’, refering to the yellow juniper, that so widwspread sparkling plant with a sunny aura.
The legend relate its doom to the catastrpohes after which the indestructible Cavtat would come back to life again and anew. “….down there, there’s something adorned with gold blossoming it the reef…”